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Orthodontic treatment

Malhotra Smile Care & Implant Centre

A Multi-Specialty Dental Clinic
(AN ISO 2001:9000 CERTIFIED CLINIC)

This section explains the various stages of a normal course of orthodontic treatment.
The first consultation
During this visit the patient is examined clinically by our Orthodontist, Dr. RAHUL PAUL. This enables him to give advice on the treatment options available, when treatment should commence, the duration of treatment, and the approximate cost. If the patient decides to proceed with treatment, an appointment is made to collect records.

  • Impressions from which plaster models of the teeth are constructed.
  • Photographs of the teeth and face.
  • X-rays of the teeth and jaws.

Records allow the orthodontist to analyse each case accurately. They are also used to record the existing malocclusion for future reference.


orthodontic treatements

Treatment Planning

At this visit the orthodontist discusses the treatment plan(s), which have been formulated using information obtained from the first consultation and records.
Then, arrangements are made to commence treatment or, if it is too early, to review the patient periodically until it is an appropriate time to commence treatment.


Extractions and other preliminary procedures

Sometimes it is necessary to remove teeth to gain sufficient space to align the remaining teeth. Any decayed teeth should be filled and the teeth sometimes need to be cleaned before orthodontic treatment is started. The patient is referred back to the family dentist to have these preliminary procedures carried out. The cost of these procedures is not included in the orthodontic fee.

Braces

Braces are the most efficient and accurate way of moving teeth.
Braces (bands, brackets and wires) are usually made of stainless steel although clear brackets are available, usually at extra cost.
Fitting the braces usually involves two visits. Braces remain on the teeth for the entire duration of treatment.
Patients then attend approximately every 4-8 weeks for adjustments, wire changes, etc.



How Long?

Orthodontic treatment usually takes 18 - 24 months. Some cases may be finished earlier and others may take longer to complete. The total treatment time depends on the severity of the original malocclusion, the type of treatment carried out, and the co-operation of the patient.


Dental check-ups

Orthodontic patients should continue to attend their family dentist for regular check-ups during the course of orthodontic treatment.

Retention

At the completion of the active part of orthodontic treatment, the braces are removed and retaining appliances (retainers) are fitted to hold the teeth steady in their new position. These appliances may be removable plates or wires fitted behind the teeth.
Retainers play an important role in orthodontic treatment for, if they are not worn according to instructions, the teeth may move back towards their original position

The retaining appliances are usually worn:
Full-time for up to one year
Just at night for a further year
Phased out altogether over one more year
The corrected teeth are observed periodically for up to five years after the retainers have been phased out. During retention and the subsequent observation period, patients are expected to attend once or twice a year.